The tort law is a body of law that relates to situations that result in a person becoming injured or suffering some type of unfair loss because of the actions of another individual. In general, tort law is a broad category that usually relates to personal injury claims. They have two basic purposes that include discouraging defendants from committing the act in the future and compensating victims for any injury or loss they suffered as a result of the act of the defendant.
Generally speaking, torts are classified in three main categories. These include intentional acts such as battery, unintentional acts like negligence and strict liability torts that involve hazardous materials. These violations fall under the category of civil law instead of criminal law. In other words, while an injury or some form of loss might occur to a person due to the actions of another, it does not necessarily mean that the act in question is illegal. At the same time, certain tort cases can overlap with criminal laws such as assault.
There are a few different examples of torts. Wrongful death claims, trespassing, intentionally causing emotional distress, product liability, negligence and civil assault and battery. The one that is the most common when it comes to tort lawsuits falls under the negligence category. In such a lawsuit, the victim is required to prove that defendant was negligent in causing their injury or loss. Slip and fall cases are frequent examples of such a legal situation.
When a tort case comes forth, there are certain things that can be done to remedy the damages or injury suffered by the victim. Typically, a plaintiff will receive financial compensation to cover medical expenses or an economic loss, damages for emotional distress, pain and suffering, loss of wages and various other expenses and an injunction from the court requiring the defendant to take actions toward ensuring the safety of the public so that no further harm can be done to others. In many instances, a plaintiff can also receive punitive damages in a tort case. This is typically meant to be a punishment to the defendant because of his or her misconduct and the amount awarded can be quite high in spite of the victim’s loss being much lesser. If you are injured, it’s highly recommended you hire a personal injury lawyer, who can help you.